Sri Lanka Country Profile and Vital Statistics
Size: 65,525 sq Km
Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura
Commercial Capital: Colombo
GDP (Gross Domestic Product) :US$ 16.4 billion
Population; 19.6 million
Population density: 311 people per sq km
Life expectancy at birth: 74 female, 69 male
Literacy rate: 91.8 Percent
Languages: Sinhala, Tamil, English, English is widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka , with the exception of remote villages.
Ethnic mix: Sinhalese, 74 percent; Tamils, 18 percent; Muslims, 7 percent; Burghers (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonists) and others 1 percent
Religions: Buddhism, 70 percent; Hinduism, 16 percent; Christianity, 7 percent; Islam, 7 percent
Climate: Lowlands tropical, average 27 0 C
Central Hills cooler, with temperatures dropping to14 0 C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon occurs in the north and east in December and January. Sri Lanka boosts a good climate for holiday-makers throughout the year.
Location: Island off the south-eastern shores of India , 5 0 55and 9 0 55 north of the equator in the Indian Ocean .
Major Exports: Textiles and garments petroleum products, tea, rubber & rubber products, gems and jewellery and spices.
Labour Force: 37 percent agriculture; 44 percent industry and commerce; 19 percent service industries.
Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)
Visas: Residents from 72 countries are issued visas on arrival. Consult your local Sri Lankan embassy or consulate, or tourist office or travel agent.
Working week: Sri Lanka works a five-day week, from Monday to Friday
Business hours: Government offices 9.00 a.m. - 4.00 p.m. Monday to Friday
Banks 9.00 a.m. - 3.00 p.m. Monday to Friday
Post offices 8.30 a.m. - 5.00 p.m. Monday to Friday 8.30 a.m. - 1.00 p.m. Saturday